Talk Brain & Behaviour

Public Event
Date: 
11 October 2018
Begin time: 
12:15
Room: 
Main building, Room W0-135

Individuals differ. This seemingly trivial statement has nevertheless led to paradigm shifts, as three different fields of organismal biology have seen a marked change in key concepts over the last years. In behavioural biology, it has been realised that there are profound differences between individuals and that these can be stable over time and across contexts, giving rise to the concept of animal personalities. In ecology, an increasing focus is likewise on the considerable variation in the ecological niche realised by species, populations, and even individuals. In evolutionary biology, where individual variation has always been central, there is an increasing awareness of the complexity with which genotypes interact with the environment to produce unique phenotypes. As a consequence, a concept of an individualised niche is needed, rather than focusing only on a mean value for a given population. Currently, the short-term behavioural processes of phenotypic adjustment within the lifetime of individuals, as addressed by behavioural biology, are not sufficiently put into context with evolutionary processes, which are often studied in rather simplified systems where genetic variability more directly influences the phenotype. Moreover, whereas initially the ecological time scale was deemed to be fundamentally different from the evolutionary time scale, this notion has recently been replaced by a more integrative one, where evolution can indeed happen over ecological time scales. While in each of these fields, the concept of individualisation has contributed to major scientific knowledge increase, we currently lack sufficient cross-fertilisation. The central aim of this talk is to highlight advances that could facilitate a better integration of ecology, evolution and ethology towards an organismal biology of individuality.