Labor

Universität BielefeldCITEC

Emergentist Semantics

About Us

The interdisciplinary research group Emergentist Semantics investigates constraints of different natures that contribute to the emergence of meaning in children and learning systems. In this approach, cognition is seen as extending not only multimodally but also beyond an individual brain. Accordingly, an embodied agent does not have to create the meaning solely relying on his own cognitive capabilities; instead, an agent's attentional processes are already guided and educated by the physical and social environment to specific aspects.

The general goal of the research group is to identify different sources of information reduction and analyze their effects. This is in line with the goals of the memory and learning research area within the CITEC aiming at the explanation of how humans manage to actively filter the information from the environment and to attend to certain sources of information while ignoring others. Our main contribution to the research in CITEC will be to help research in robotics to develop ways of reducing the complexity of the acquisition problem, i.e. to reduce the requirements on built-in architectural constraints of learning mechanisms.

Emergentist Semantics?

In our view, meaning is a function of the relating elements rather than being intrinsic to any single element (cf. Jeff Malpas, 2002). This is in line with recent robotic systems seeking for system explanation implying that we have to regard not only one component's performance but the whole system's performance. We think that modeling provides a facilitative access to some phenomena of learning that in traditional research have been attributed to independent cognitive 'components'.

References
Hollich, G., Hirsh-Pasek, K., Tucker, M. L., and Golinkoff, R. M. (2000): The change is afoot: Emergentist thinking in language acquisition. In: Anderson, P. B. Emmeche, C., Finnemann, N. O. and Voetmann Christiansen, P. (eds.): Downward causation. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press: 143-178.

Ke, J. & Holland, J. H. (2006): Language Origin from an Emergentist Perspective. In: Applied Linguistics 27, 691-716.

MacWhinney, B. (1998): Models of the emergence of language. Annual Review of Psychology 49, 199-227. How emergentist concepts can apply to various levels of language learning.

Malpas, J. (2002): The weave of meaning: holism and contextuality. Language & Communication 22, 403-419.